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What is Glaucoma?
In the normal eye a watery liquid is constantly produced and drained away through tiny drainage canals. This fluid maintains a pressure within the eye that remains constant as long as the fluid drains as quickly as it is produced. Glaucoma occurs when there is a build-up of pressure within the eye due to clogged or covered drainage canals, where the eye fluid can not drain away.
Are there different types of Glaucoma?
Yes, there are many different types, but there are two major types: Chronic and Acute. Chronic open angle glaucoma(COAG) is the most common form of glaucoma. In COAG the entrance to the drainage canals is open, but there is a clogging problem inside the drainage canals. The disease is slow, causes gradual loss of small patches of vision, it is a lifelong condition and responds well to medication and surgery.
Does Glaucoma run in families?
Yes, if one parent has COAG the chances of children getting Glaucoma is 10 times greater than in a non-glaucoma family.
How is Glaucoma treated?
Generally speaking, glaucoma cannot be cured, but it can be controlled. Once diagnosed, it requires constant, lifelong care. The major goal of glaucoma treatment is to keep the eye pressure in a range that prevents further glaucoma damage. This can be done with eye drops, pills, laser treatments and microsurgery.
What advice is there for Glaucoma patients?
Follow your eye specialist’s instructions, use medications regularly, know what your medications are, know their side effects, tell your doctors that you have glaucoma and what medications you are using, call your eye specialist about any unusual changes in your eyes or vision, go for regular check-up’s.